CSERM UNAS » July 23, 2023

Daily Archives: July 23, 2023


Report: The International Conference And Workshop in Conjunction with the 8th Indonesia Biotechnology Conference (IBC)

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Seminar “The International Conference and Workshop in Conjunction with the 8th Indonesia Biotechnology Conference (IBC)” was held at Prime Plaza Hotel Sanur, Bali (16-18 May 2023) with the theme “Crossroad of Biodiversity, Biotechnology, and Health for Enhancing Sustainable Development”. This activity consisted of keynotes and invited speakers from various institutions and universities, such as the Indonesian Biotechnology Consortium, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, National Research and Innovation Agency, Rutgers University, Universitas Nasional (UNAS), City University New York, Kyoto University, National University of Natural Medicine, Udayana University, Louisiana State University, and Tajik National Medical University. This conference provided a forum for exchanging information on bioscience and biotechnology to address the challenges of sustainable development.

The materials presented during the conference were regarding biodiversity and its relationship or use with bioscience and biotechnology, and how the relationship between mass extinction events that are currently taking place due to global climate change, especially in plants that contain bioactive compounds that can be utilized. On this occasion, CSERM UNAS participated in the symposium through a presentation of the results of the Blue Community project entitled “Biodiversity and Community Structure of Seaweed and Seagrass, and Their Potential Uses in Transition Zone of Takabonerate Selayar Archipelago Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia” presented by Dr. Tatang Mitra Setia. The material presented was about the diversity of macroalgae and seagrass in the transition zone of the Takabonerate Biosphere Reserve and its benefits for the community, especially in the health sector.

The seagrass ecosystem in the Selayar Island can become a habitat for various marine biota, including sea cucumbers. Efforts to cultivate sea cucumbers and protect seagrass habitat will help reduce the loss of biodiversity and global climate change and contribute to the welfare of the local people of Selayar Island. At this conference, CSERM UNAS also introduced its newest program, Developing Sustainable Near-shore Sea Cucumber Aquaculture on Selayar Island, Indonesia, with support from the Biodiversity Challenge Fund, Darwin Initiative. This program will empower women in the economic development of local communities of Selayar Islands District.


Preliminary Study of Sea Cucumber Cultivation in Selayar Island

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The initiation of the sea cucumber cultivation program on Selayar Island by CSERM UNAS aimed to obtain initial information regarding the location of two sub-districts as the pilot locations, Bontoharu and Bontosikuyu Sub-districts, that will be the location for rearing sea cucumbers, and consolidation with key stakeholders in locations such as Bappelitbangda Selayar and the Selayar Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Service and the community leaders. Both sub-districts are located in the central, western and southern Selayar Island, including several small islands around it.

The visit to Bontosikuyu Sub-district (10 May 2023) covered three villages: Tile-tile Village, Lantibongang Village, and Patikarya Village. These villages were chosen as representatives in this preliminary study due to the condition of the seagrass ecosystem and the experience of the community who had cultivated marine resources, including sea cucumber. The local community in Patikarya Village had bred sea cucumbers whose seeds were taken from nature, and the sea pens were located on the coast behind the local community’s houses. However, this activity had not been successful because the sea pens construction was destroyed and disappeared during the west monsoon in early 2022.

The visit to Bontoharu Sub-district (11 May 2023) covered three villages: Bontolebang Village, Kahu Kahu Village, and Bontosunggu Village. Communities in these villages also have experience growing sea cucumbers with natural seeds and also collecting sea cucumbers for resale. Sea cucumber cultivation activities have become very challenging in Bontosunggu Village because of the activities that were carried out, sea cucumbers disappeared when they were about to be harvested.

Interview with local community in Bontoharu Sub-district

Sea cucumber in Selayar in drying process

Sea cucumber in Selayar, in salt curing process

Selayar Island has high potential for sea cucumber cultivation because the ecosystem supports the growth of sea cucumbers. The types of sea cucumbers commonly found are sandfish, gamat, dongnga, the elephant trunkfish, and black teatfish. However, seasonal changes are a challenge for sea cucumber cultivators. The right method is needed so the enlargement of sea cucumbers can be successful in a sustainable manner. CSERM UNAS emphasizes the focus on sustainable sea cucumber rearing activities, using the right methods and supporting contributions to community welfare and women’s empowerment. This activity also received full support from Bappelitbangda and the Maritime and Fisheries Service, with the hope of empowering the local community, especially women, in maintaining the resilience of their households.